Exchange Program : Electoral Violence

Electoral violence: violence around the elections increasingly captures the attention to enhancing the safety and security of democratic around the world. Concerned at continuing patterns of violence around the elections, the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) conduct the study of the cause of electoral violence, best practice of its prevention from four countries: Kenya, Malawi, Sierra Leone, and Sri Lanka with the consultation from the related partners from Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Congo (DRC), El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Malawi, Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Tunisia, USA, and Zimbabwe in total participants around 45 people at Nairobi, Kenya from 23-27 July 2018 the study was released at a global Dialogue and Exchange Program hosted in Nairobi. Global south leaders—from the grassroots, civil society, and government—come together to learn, exchange ideas, and collectively solve problems through AFSC’s Dialogue and Exchange Program. The organization’s approach to international dialogue and exchange is rooted in the belief that solutions can be found within a group’s history, knowledge, culture, and resources.

The presentation were made to show the evidence suggests in several types of electoral violence prevention programs have the potential to successfully reduce the risks of violence. However, it should be noted that no single set of strategies exists that will prove effective across all countries. Different historical and institutional contexts require that programs be tailored to meet the needs of particular countries’ circumstances. The findings offered in this section should be considered a set of lessons for both practitioners and donors looking to improve the efficacy of their programs based on the experiences of those in the countries included in the study.

The evidence suggests that several types of electoral violence prevention programs have the potential to successfully reduce the risks of violence. However, it should be noted that no single set of strategies exists that will prove effective across all countries. Different historical and institutional contexts require that programs be tailored to meet the needs of particular countries’ circumstances. The findings offered in this section should be considered a set of lessons for both practitioners and donors looking to improve the efficacy of their programs based on the experiences of those in the countries included in the study

Several of the findings show that solutions to election violence rely on shared participation by donors, civil society organizations, and domestic and international networks in ensuring successful policy interventions. Indeed, improved cooperation and collective investment among both domestic and international actors emerges as a key theme across several of the recommendations. Key findings for practitioners:

  • Coordinating peace platform/consortium
  • Incorporation of political parties and candidates
  • International program learning
  • Geographical incident mapping
  • Program follow-up funds
  • Long-term youth programming
  • Police reform

Group discussion were made in difference part of the sessions related to: Best practices in Technical support on Elections, Including youth and underrepresented stakeholders, Best Practices in Social Peacebuilding, Best Practices in Engaging political parties, Engaging donor on prevention of Electoral violence, and Network for practitioner support and exchange. Ms. Sotheavy from Cambodia suggested engaging the research in Southeast Asia / Asia region as we all face the same problem. The NGOs who attended in this program from Africa, Middle East, and Asia facing the same challenges and we should work in all part of these regions. Cambodia recently facing the same issue and we looking for the engagement and intervention from all partners and governments. NGOs are not the anti-government but we working as partner to cooperate and recommend having the true democracy and accountability of the government for the better life of the citizen.

https://www.afsc.org/sites/default/files/documents/Electoral-violence-report-web-version.pdf

https://www.voacambodia.com/a/cambodia-slams-un-rights-envoy-over-election-criticism/4499524.html

https://projects.voanews.com/cambodia-election-2018/

https://www.voacambodia.com/a/cambodia-election-ruling-party-seeks-legitimacy/4504002.html

https://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/intimidation-07202018154053.html

https://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/investigation-07232018165842.html

https://www.rfa.org/english/news/cambodia/threats-07172018164210.html

https://www.rfa.org/english/cartoons/cambodia-elections-cartoon-08242017104138.html

https://www.rfa.org/english/cartoons/cambodia-NGO-cartoon-08252017202844.html

 

 

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